VN aims for green agriculture, private sector plays key role

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VIETNAM, April 15 – The trend towards green, low-emission production and consumption is dominating global agriculture and trade. — Photo congluan.vn

HÀ NỘI — The Vietnamese government is prioritizing the promotion of green agriculture, Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Phùng Đức Tiến said, stressing the important role of the private sector in reducing carbon emissions and improving adaptation to climate change.

Tiến spoke at a workshop co-organized by the ministry and the International Finance Corporation (IFC) on Wednesday in Hà Nội, saying that Việt Nam needs to make great efforts, not only from the government but also from private companies. , to unlock processing investment resources. the resource-intensive production model to green.

Tiến said that the agricultural sector has been the mainstay of the country’s economy amid the COVID-19 pandemic and climate change, which has helped ensure food security and poverty alleviation and generated 15% of GDP.

However, the sector was facing a number of challenges and difficulties, including resource depletion, environmental degradation, climate change and shifts in global consumer trends, Tiến said, adding that no only it was strongly affected by climate change, the agricultural sector was also a significant source of greenhouse gas emissions.

He cited 2016 statistics that agricultural production accounted for 13.9% of the country’s total greenhouse gas emissions.

At the United Nations Food Systems Summit, Việt Nam set itself the goal of becoming a transparent, responsible and sustainable food producer and supplier that meets food security and nutrition requirements for the population of 100 million people. and for export.

At the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26), Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính pledged that Việt Nam will achieve net zero emissions by 2050.

In January 2022, the government approved the strategy for sustainable agriculture and rural development for the period 2021-30 with a vision for 2050, setting the objective of building an agricultural sector that would ensure food security, protect the environment, adapt to climate change and effectively implement international commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Hiển said that to achieve these goals, private companies play an important role.

However, the number of companies operating in the agricultural sector remained modest, representing only 8% of the total number of companies in the country, while the attraction of investment in high-tech agriculture was limited, given risks caused by climate change, disease and unstable consumer markets.

Most agricultural enterprises were small and medium-sized, with low efficiency, he added.

Tiến said the trend towards green, low-emission production and consumption will dominate global agriculture and trade.

“To be able to participate in the global playing field, we must take bold steps towards a transition to a green and low-emission system,” Tiến said, adding that the ministry would develop policies to encourage investment in high technology, own. and organic farming.

According to Alfonso Garcia Mora, IFC vice president for Asia and the Pacific, the need for a more sustainable agriculture and food industry was more urgent than ever.

He pointed out that the agri-food industry consumes more energy each year than that of China or the United States, and that agriculture, food processing, distribution, consumption and production account for 30% of global energy consumption. It was therefore important to reduce carbon emissions from agriculture and the food industry.

However, building a climate-resilient economy would not be cheap, he said, adding that there was a need to gradually increase the environmental protection tax (EPT) as well as other policies that would encourage companies to adopt greener and cleaner production and business models. —VNS

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