Bills aim to train private security in civil protection

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COMMUNITY KNOWLEDGE:
In attacks on residential infrastructure in Ukraine, building security knew better than anyone how to get people to safety, expert says

  • By Wu Su-wei and William Hetherington/staff reporter, with a staff editor

Proposals to amend security and defense laws aim to better prepare the country’s private security personnel for wartime civil defense, Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) lawmaker Chang Liao Wan- said yesterday. dog (張廖萬堅).

Chang Liao and other DPP lawmakers have proposed amendments to the Private Security Services Law (保全業法) and the Total Defense Mobilization Readiness Law (全民防衛動員準備法) to allow the Department of National Defense to train private security companies in civil defense so that they can be incorporated into the country’s civil defense system in times of war.

“Security personnel are involved in protecting various aspects of life in Taiwan, such as residential buildings, commercial offices, transit stations, construction sites, factories, hospitals and power stations,” said Chang Liao. “This group of frontline personnel know the public and the terrain of the country, and could be an important force in the defense of the country.”

Photo: Sam Yeh, AFP

One of the proposals would amend Article 15 of the Defense Mobilization Readiness Act, which states that in time of war, authorities shall organize “professional citizens, civil defense forces, volunteer firefighters and rescue personnel, as well as…school youth, retired veterans’ and others in defense plans. The amendment would add security guards to this list.

The proposals would benefit defense efforts by offloading some tasks traditionally done by the military and police to the private security industry, said Hsu Chih-hsiang (許智翔), postdoctoral fellow at the Defense Research Institute. and national security.

Efficient manpower deployment is important for a nation like Taiwan, which has “relatively few troops”, he said, adding that civil defense forces could respond effectively to disaster scenarios.

Community safety would be important in helping people find refuge, as they would know the location of safe spaces, civilian resources and the number of people who could be accommodated, he said.

“For example, look at the war in Ukraine. When residential and commercial buildings have been the target of fires, building safety knew better than anyone how to evacuate those buildings,” he said. “When entire communities need to evacuate or seek refuge, community leaders know best what places of refuge are available and what resources the community has.”

Security Industries Association President Chang Ta-chang (張達錩) said he hopes the law can be changed as soon as possible so the military can start training security guards.

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